Which Drink is Best for Hydration? Hint: It Isn’t Water…

When you’re thirsty and in need of a drink, which beverages are best at keeping you hydrated?

Sure, you can always reach for a glass of water — but plain H20 isn’t the most hydrating beverage around, according to a study from Scotland’s St. Andrews University that compared the hydration responses of several different drinks.

The researchers found that while water — both still and sparkling –does a pretty good job of quickly hydrating the body, beverages with a little bit of sugar, fat or protein do an even better job of keeping us hydrated for longer.

The reason has to do with how our bodies respond to beverages, according to Ronald Maughan, a professor at St. Andrews’ School of Medicine and the study’s author. One factor is the volume of a given drink: The more you drink, the faster the drink empties from your stomach and gets absorbed into the bloodstream, where it can dilute the body’s fluids and hydrate you.

The other factor affecting how well a beverage hydrates relates to a drink’s nutrient composition. For example, milk was found to be even more hydrating than plain water because it contains the sugar lactose, some protein and some fat, all of which help to slow the emptying of fluid from the stomach and keep hydration happening over a longer period of time.

Milk also has sodium, which acts like a sponge and holds onto water in the body and results in less urine produced.

The same can be said for oral rehydration solutions that are used to treat diarrhea. Those contain small amounts of sugar, as well as sodium and potassium, which can also help promote water retention in the body.

“This study tells us much of what we already knew: Electrolytes — like sodium and potassium — contribute to better hydration, while calories in beverages result in slower gastric emptying and therefore slower release of urination,” said Melissa Majumdar, a registered dietitian, personal trainer and spokeswoman for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics who was not involved in the study.

Sugar in moderation

But here’s where it gets tricky: Beverages with more concentrated sugars, such as fruit juices or colas, are not necessarily as hydrating as their lower-sugar cousins. They may spend a little more time in the stomach and empty more slowly compared to plain water, but once these beverages enter the small intestine their high concentration of sugars gets diluted during a physiological process called osmosis. This process in effect “pulls” water from the body into the small intestine to dilute the sugars these beverages contain. And technically, anything inside the intestine is outside your body.

Juice and soda are not only less hydrating, but offer extra sugars and calories that won’t fill us up as much as solid foods, explained Majumdar. If the choice is between soda and water for hydration, go with water every time. After all, our kidneys and liver depend on water to get rid of toxins in our bodies, and water also plays a key role in maintaining skin’s elasticity and suppleness. It’s the cheapest moisturizer you’ll find.

While staying hydrated is important — doing so keeps our joints lubricated, helps prevent infections, and carries nutrients to our cells — in most situations people don’t need to worry too much about how hydrating their beverages are.

“If you’re thirsty, your body will tell you to drink more,” Maughan said. But for athletes training seriously in warm conditions with high sweat losses, or for someone whose cognitive function may be negatively impacted by working long hours without beverage breaks, hydration becomes a critical issue.

Can beer and lattes keep me hydrated?

Alcohol acts as a diuretic, which causes you to pass more urine, so when it comes to alcoholic beverages hydration will depend on a beverage’s total volume. “Beer would result in less water loss than whiskey, because you are ingesting more fluid with beer,” Maughan said. “Strong alcoholic drinks will dehydrate, dilute alcoholic drinks will not.”

When it comes to coffee, how well your java hydrates you will depend on the amount of caffeine you consume. A regular coffee with about 80 milligrams of caffeine — roughly what you would find in 12 oz. of Folgers’ house blend — would be pretty much as hydrating as water, according to Maughan’s research.

Consuming more than 300mg of caffeine, or about 2-4 cups of coffee, could cause you to lose excess fluid as the caffeine causes a mild, short-term diuretic effect. This is more likely to happen with someone who doesn’t typically consume caffeine, and it could be offset by adding a tablespoon or two of milk to your cup of joe.

Contributor: Lisa Drayer – CNN Health

Ozone Therapy is Healing Disease at its Cellular Level

Dr. Dezzy Udezue, MD of Renewed Medical Center in Millsboro, says the primary source of all disease can be traced down to the cellular level, and that ozone therapy can help engage the body’s natural healing mechanisms.


“Organelles within our cells operate best with ample oxygen. What we breathe, what we eat, and even how we think affects the amount of pure oxygen that reaches cells throughout the body,” says Dr. Udezue. Increasing the amount of oxygen boosts your immune system, decreases inflammation, improves circulation, and combats free-radical production.”


What causes a reduction in oxygen levels?


  • Choice of diet
  • Digestive issues
  • Most diseases
  • Some disease treatments like radiation and chemotherapy
  • Certain medications
  • Environmental and chemical toxins
  • Natural aging
  • Poor breathing habits
  • Stress
  • Poor posture (yes really!)

Your mindset, thoughts and perception (most definitely!)

Lack of sufficient oxygen takes its toll over time and impedes your body’s ability to properly perform some of its most basic functions.



What is Ozone Therapy?

Cellular healing with ozone therapy is a medical treatment that increases blood-oxygen levels throughout the body in a form that stimulates healing.


Oxygen that we breathe has the chemical formula O2, while ozone (O3) has an extra oxygen atom. It is the addition of this third atom that makes ozone like “supercharged oxygen” and gives it all of its remarkable medical properties.  This third oxygen atom triggers, supports and corrects the body’s natural healing processes.


Ozone is a potent regulator of the immune system. When the immune system is overactive, (auto-immune disease) such as Rheumatoid Arthritis, Crohns and Colitis and other diseases, ozone calms it down.  Conversely, when the immune system is underactive, as in cancer, AIDS, and chronic infections, ozone will stimulate it.  This unique ability of ozone stems from its action on the membranes of white blood cells that causes them to produce immune related messenger molecules called cytokines.


Ozone is also a powerful mitochondrial stimulant. Mitochondria are the ‘electric generators’ of cells. They use oxygen to produce ATP, which fuels most of the activities of the cell; and they also signal other parts that something needs to be regulated. Malfunctioning or slowing down of the mitochondria from lack of oxygen will cause an imbalance that will produce physical symptoms and illness.


Dr. Udezue says, “Mitochondria dysfunction is at the root of all disease and aging.  When you are sick, the mitochondria in various specialized cells (according to the type of illness) are stalled and having difficulty using oxygen efficiently to produce ATP. It is no wonder that fatigue is a primary symptom of nearly every illness or disease.”


Ozone reduces or eliminates pain. That almost magical extra oxygen atom aids in the reconstruction of damaged or weakened connective tissue in and around joints by attracting  to inflammatory areas of injury or damage extra oxygen and energy and therefore setting up a whole new cascade of reactions that allow the body to restart the healing  and reconstructing the area of injury or damage. Try this before you go for that knee replacement!


Ozone is the most potent Anti-aging Medicine: Ozone is the only substance known that actually stimulates and increases the power of Mitochondria, which actually reduces and delays aging! Just as you change your car’s engine oil regularly to keep it running efficiently, Ozone therapy can be used episodically to delay and reverse age-related degeneration.


Dr. Udezue uses ozone therapy as one of several innovative alternative treatments that may halt and reverse conditions and diseases leading to health and wellness. Many find it effective in the treatment of:


  • Several types of Cancer
  • Digestive disorders (Ulcerative Colitis/ Crohn’s Disease)
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Allergies
  • Chronic infections
  • Chronic pain especially in joints, bones, and muscle tissue
  • Macular degeneration
  • Heart disease
  • Liver disease
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Fibromyalgia

Ozone Therapy was the second in a series of lectures about mind-body connection and how healing and preventing disease requires a combination of physical, spiritual, and emotional approaches along with innovative technology for healing the body at a cellular level by restoring cells mitochondrial oxygen and energy systems.


Contributor:  CapeGazette.com

Learn More about Ozone Therapy Here

Teenage Boy Goes Blind After Existing on Pringles, White Bread and French Fries

Eating a diet of french fries, Pringles and white bread was enough to make one teenage boy lose his sight, according to a case study published in a medical journal.

Scientists from the University of Bristol examined the case of a young patient whose extremely picky eating led to blindness, and have warned of the dangers of a poor diet.

The unidentified patient told doctors he had only eaten fries from the fish and chip shop, Pringles potato chips, white bread, slices of processed ham and sausage since elementary school, and he avoided foods with certain textures. He first visited a doctor at age 14, complaining of tiredness, according to a case report published in the Annals of Internal Medicine on Monday.

He wasn’t taking any medication, had a normal BMI and height, and showed no visible signs of malnutrition.

Doctors discovered low vitamin B12 levels and anemia, treating the patient with vitamin B12 injections and offering dietary advice.

One year later there were signs of hearing loss and vision symptoms, but doctors did not find the cause.

The patient’s extreme diet led to nutritional optic neuropathy.

His vision had worsened to the point of blindness by 17 years of age, and doctors identified vitamin B12 deficiency, low copper and selenium levels, a high zinc level, reduced vitamin D level and bone level density, according to a statement from the University of Bristol.

By this stage, vision damage was permanent.

Researchers from Bristol Medical School and the Bristol Eye Hospital examined the case and concluded that the patient suffered nutritional optic neuropathy, a dysfunction of the optic nerve.

In developed countries it is mostly caused by bowel problems or medication that interferes with the absorption of nutrients, and it is rarely caused entirely by poor diet because food is readily available.

In some places, malnutrition caused by poverty, war and drought is linked to higher rates of nutritional optic neuropathy, according to a statement.

Fast food may contribute to teen depression, study says

The condition is reversible if treated early but can lead to blindness if no action is taken.

“Our vision has such an impact on quality of life, education, employment, social interactions, and mental health,” said study lead author Denize Atan, an ophthalmologist at Bristol Medical School and Bristol Eye Hospital.

“This case highlights the impact of diet on visual and physical health, and the fact that calorie intake and BMI are not reliable indicators of nutritional status.”

The researchers say that poor diet and reduced intake of minerals caused vision loss in this case, and warn that nutritional optic neuropathy could become more common due to the consumption of junk food.

They also warned vegans to make sure to supplement for vitamin B12 to avoid deficiency.

To prevent similar cases, doctors should ask patients about their dietary history as part of routine clinical examinations, the researchers urged.

“Extreme example”

Tom Sanders, a professor of nutrition and dietetics at King’s College London, was critical of the case report, saying it relied on the patient’s own recall of his eating habits and did not take into account other possible explanations for the condition, including genetic defects or environmental exposures.

“Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause optic neuropathy but it is very unusual to find dietary deficiency when animal products are consumed e.g. ham and sausages which are significant sources of the vitamin B12,” he told the Science Media Centre in London.

Gary Frost, a professor of nutrition and dietetics at Imperial College London, who was not involved in the research, told CNN it is incredibly rare for someone in the UK to have a diet so limited it results in micronutrient deficiencies.

“Although it is an extreme example, it highlights the importance of having a wide and varied diet to ensure that you get the profile of nutrients and micronutrients that are needed for healthy development,” said Frost.

These deficiencies become more likely the more limited the choice of food, he added.

“Fussy eating is very common in young children and in extreme cases can lead to very limited choice of food,” said Frost.

“There is a need to pick up on eating problems such as these as early as possible so the issue around limited textures and tastes can be addressed.”


IV Drips Are Injecting Their Way Into Wellness Routines

You may have heard of IV drip treatments as the speedy antidote to hangovers in recent years. But many wellness insiders now are making this quick, intravenous method of taking in nutrients a regular thing—thanks to its reputed ability to thoroughly hydrate you and add a vitamin, mineral and amino acid boost to your bloodstream in levels that would be impossible to absorb orally.
How? Since it’s an IV, the drip bypasses your body’s digestive system—where nutrients can pass through without being fully absorbed, especially if you have gastro issues—and delivers nutrients in a more bio-available form. In other words, the idea is that your body can put whatever’s in the IV to use, fast. The IV infusions have been credited with doing everything from enhancing your skin’s glow, to combating jet lag, aiding muscle recovery, and improving your digestion (the most popular being the skin-enhancing and immunity boosts).
And as wellness aficionados are incorporating the on-the-go treatment into their regular health routines, the market for IV solutions is expected to reach about $13.79 billion by 2024.

—”You generally feel good [with the treatments]. IVs have got all the components to be big in wellness.” —Frank Lipman, MD


Functional medicine pioneer Frank Lipman, MD, who has been utilizing IV treatments for almost 20 years in his practice, sees them as a booming trend. “I’ve definitely seen an increase—in the last five years, IVs have been becoming more popular,” he says. “It’s done everywhere now, not just in doctor’s offices. I think it’s going to be bigger in 2019 because people like a quick fix. And you generally feel good [with the treatments]. IVs have got all the components to be big in wellness.”
Erika Schwartz, MD, of Manhattan’s Evolved Science, adds, “No one wants to get sick, no one wants to feel tired, and people want to feel like the best version of themselves—therefore they’re very interested in safe and medically sound new and exciting approaches to obtain this feeling.” But a warning: We’re talking about needles! (Duh.) Make sure you’re dealing with medical pros who are experts at administering the drips safely.
The once celeb-only trend is going mainstream around the country: In addition to spots like NutriDrip in New York City and Infuse Wellness in Santa Monica, IV therapy-focused wellness centers have popped up between the coasts, at Thrive Drip Spa in Houston, Drip IV Therapy in Kansas City, The Drip Room in Scottsdale, AZ, and many others.
Olivia Kim, an IV technician from the medical partners of NYC’s Modrn Sanctuary, notes that she’s had lots of company owners with wellness brands reaching out for advice on how to start IV therapy in more rural areas. “I really do believe that it is going to transcend outside of New York City,” she says. “We’re seeing more customers starting to apply IV therapy into their lives. I think it’ll start to get bigger and busier.” So, unless you suffer from aichmophobia (AKA fear of needles), prepare to have more options when it comes to your vitamin-and-mineral regimen.
Contributor: Well+Good.com

The Same Exact Foods Affect Each Person’s Gut Bacteria Differently

How does diet affect the thriving communities of microbes living in your digestive tract? It’s personal.


New research finds that the types of foods people eat really do impact the makeup of their gut microbiomes. However, the same food can have opposite effects in two different individuals. That means that the specifics of how diet will influence any given person’s gut are still a mystery.


“A lot of the response of the microbiome to foods is going to be personalized, because each person has that unique mixture [of microbes] that’s special only to them,” said Dan Knights, a computational microbiologist at the University of Minnesota. [10 Ways to Promote Kids’ Healthy Eating Habits]


Meals for microbes

The microbes that populate the intestinal tract may have a major influence on human health. Researchers have found that gut bacterial communities may be linked to the difficulty some people have losing weight, and they could play a role in cardiovascular disease. The microbiome also seems to be intimately tied to the immune system, and thus it plays an important role in immune-related diseases and disorders, including allergies.


A few studies have suggested that diet can influence the microbiome, Knights told Live Science, but the connection is poorly understood. He and his colleagues tackled the problem by asking 34 healthy volunteers to record every morsel of food and drink they consumed for 17 days straight. The participants then collected stool samples over the course of the study, which the researchers analyzed with a method called shotgun metagenomics. This method involves taking random samples of the genetic sequences in the microbes in the fecal material, Knights said, then piecing together what species and what genes those sequences came from.


This very detailed approach revealed that diet does indeed affect the gut bacteria. In a given person, the researchers could predict changes in the microbiome based on what they’d eaten in the days prior. For each person, they found a median of nine specific relationships between a type of food and specific gut microbiome changes.


But those changes didn’t generalize well from one person to the next. The team found 109 total food-gut microbe relationships that were shared by more than one research participant — but only eight that were shared by more than two. And of those eight, five of the relationships went in opposite directions. In one participant, eating a particular veggie caused a specific group of bacteria to multiply like mad. In another, that same veggie could quash that same group of bacteria.


What’s in a food?

What’s more, the nutrients on the nutrition label didn’t correlate with any of these changes. At first, that seemed surprising, Knights said. But then, he said, “we realized it kind of makes sense, because the nutrition labels are written for humans.”


And while humans might care about things like magnesium content and saturated fat, gut microbes are apparently a lot more interested in the unlisted stuff, including hundreds of unknown compounds that are in any given food.


“There’s all of this — I like to call it dark matter — that’s in our foods that we’re not really measuring,” Knights said.


Instead, the correlations the researchers found were between gut microbes and specific food types, such as leafy green vegetables or yogurt (specific type notwithstanding). Two of the study participants consumed primarily meal replacement shakes of the Soylent brand. That turned out to be interesting, Knights said, because though those two people subsisted on the same thing almost every day, their gut communities changed daily, just as the microbiomes of those on a more varied diet did.


“There are very clearly other sources of variation in the microbiome in addition to the foods that we eat,” Knights said.


The meaning of the microbiome

Despite the unique nature of each microbiome’s response to specific foods, Knights believes there is a way to make sense of the data.


Doing so will require two approaches, he said. The first is to drill deep into what’s actually in specific foods. Researchers will need to identify specific compounds that gut microbes metabolize, to understand the nitty-gritty details of the gut ecosystem.


“That’s something that is going to take a lot of work, but we can get there,” Knights said.


The second approach is to look at huge data sets on diets and microbiome communities, he said. With thousands of participants, trends can pop out, even if the details are unique to individuals, he said.


The study was funded by General Mills, the food manufacturer, reflecting that company’s interest in basic nutrition research, Knights said. One major question he and his colleagues want to tackle is how the modern American diet affects the microbiome. People living in developing nations or in more traditional cultures have different gut microbiome communities from what’s found in developed nations, Knights said.


“One thing we’re very interested in understanding is how our diets in modern society might be contributing to the loss of our ancestral microbes,” he said.


The researchers reported their findings June 12 in the journal Cell Host & Microbe.


Contributor: Stephanie Pappas-Live Science